Bitcoin is the world’s first cryptocurrency designed to operate decentralized over a blockchain. It can be used as a store of value and for making digital payments without the need for a central authority like a bank or a financial institution, unlike traditional currencies. The symbol BTC in the market represents Bitcoin.
The Bitcoin digital currency is the first of its kind that has seen widespread adoption and interest from users worldwide. In 2021, El Salvador became the first country in the world to adopt Bitcoin as legal tender, further boosting its acceptance as an alternative to government-issued fiat currencies.
While the concept of digital payments has been around for several years now, Bitcoin stands apart due to its decentralization features. Instead of depending on the traditional financial infrastructure, transactions of Bitcoin take place on the blockchain on a peer-to-peer basis without the need for an intermediary authority.
Bitcoin’s blockchain employs a distributed ledger design instead of maintaining a centralized ledger or database. This model eliminates the risk of a single point of failure and makes BTC resilient against attacks. Additionally, the decentralized design of the blockchain makes digital transfers of payments faster and more efficient as well.
US-based nonprofit organization Bitcoin Foundation is responsible for coordinating and engaging with governments to increase awareness and adoption of the cryptocurrency. It is also tasked with countering any negative reputation impact that Bitcoin experiences.
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